Mexico Paris Climate Agreement

2020 December 12

The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 197 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Paris and agreed on 12 December 2015. [2] [3] The agreement was signed at UN Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 by states and regional economic integration organisations parties to the UNFCCC (convention). [4] The agreement stated that it would only enter into force if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)[5] ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement. [6] On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement. [9] 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing. [10] [11] On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In 2016, several countries signed an agreement with the United Nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. With less than six months to go until the Paris agreement comes into force, the Mexican government has not yet announced the strategy it will implement to join the global crusade against climate change. What does this mean for Mexico? By ratifying the agreement, the Mexican government has officially committed to meeting the climate targets proposed last March, in the run-up to the December 2015 COP in Paris. Indeed, the “determined national contribution” (or INDC) that the government had presented is no longer “intentional” but is now a formal objective and the country (like all those who ratify the Paris Agreement) must comply.

It remains to be hoped that the Obrador administration will recognize that esteem and action begin on Mexico`s important and pioneering framework at home. This will continue the flow of international green funds from the UK and other major public donors to Mexico. If not, the UK will look elsewhere for a development nation to support it in its commitment to combating climate change. On November 4, 2019, the United States informed the custodian of its withdrawal from the agreement, which will take effect exactly one year after that date. [30] Mexico wanted to follow the United Kingdom and, in 2012, with the support of British experts, implemented its own general law on climate change. The United Kingdom is now at the forefront of this type of climate change framework in industrialized countries, with Mexico being the equivalent torchbearer in developing countries. Mexico`s approach today is important – evidence of its presence on the world stage as a climate leader and of Latin America`s continued leadership in the fight against climate change and its devastating effects. Now that Mexico`s goals are formal, the real work is beginning to ensure that the country achieves these goals and, hopefully, exceeds them.

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