Us Afghanistan Bilateral Security Agreement

2020 December 19

The U.S.-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement, officially titled Enduring Strategic Partnership Agreement between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America[1], is an agreement between Afghanistan and the United States[2] that provides the long-term framework for relations between Afghanistan and the United States of America following the withdrawal of U.S. forces in the war in Afghanistan. [3] The Strategic Partnership Agreement came into force on July 4, 2012, as U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on July 8, 2012 at the Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan: “Like a number of countries represented here, the United States and Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership agreement that came into effect four days ago.” [5] The designation by the United States has special privileges for a country, such as access to U.S. military training and surplus military stockpiles, Clinton said. In a separate statement, the State Department said Afghanistan would also be able to obtain loans for equipment from the United States and financing for leasing. The agreement does not, however, imply “no security obligation” from the United States vis-à-vis Afghanistan, the State Department said [54] to designate Afghanistan as an ally, but it has the potential to raise unpleasant issues for the United States. There is Afghanistan`s cold and cold relations with Pakistan, which is also an ally, and the possibility that the two neighbors will be overthrown, especially if Afghan officials believe, in the years following 2014, that their Pakistani counterparts continue to help the Taliban. [54] Afghanistan and the United States have signed a long-standing agreement that allows international forces to remain in the country beyond 2014. In addition to concerns about the use of unguided bombs provided by the United States and responsible for civilian deaths, the United States and coalition forces should also provide rehabilitation and compensation to the families of victims killed by U.S.-led airstrikes. It is also to investigate U.S. personnel involved in civilian casualties.

A further delay in dealing with these justice and security issues will create a vacuum for the Afghan Taliban, who have already established a shadow government structure in several parts of Afghanistan. In a solemn ceremony at the presidential palace, the Afghan National Security Adviser and the U.S. Ambassador signed the bilateral security agreement in the presence of new Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. Neither Kerry nor Karzai gave any information on exactly what had been agreed and how they had reached a compromise on an Afghan request for the United States to guarantee the security of Afghanistan as it would be if the country were a NATO ally. That could force the United States to send troops for raids in Pakistan, the U.S. nuclear power. Afghan government officials said the requirement was essential to the country`s sovereignty and needed to be met. The Obama administration had said it would not consider such a guarantee.

[67] According to the BBC`s David Loyn, David Loyn said that President Karzai had not obtained security guarantees for US troops to protect Afghanistan from external attacks. Loyn added that the United States would not grant it because it could lock them into a war with Pakistan. [71] On the other main point, the contours of a compromise seemed clearer. Karzai had refused to allow U.S. forces to pursue Al Qaeda militants on their own. Instead, he wanted all the information gathered by the United States to be handed over to Afghan forces, who could then conduct the raids. On October 12, 2013, Karzai said he was assured that U.S. forces would not conduct unilateral operations in Afghanistan after 2014, leaving open the possibility of carrying out attacks against Al Qaeda in collaboration with Afghan forces. [67] In March and April 2012, the United States of America and Afghanistan concluded two agreements that, on the part of several newspapers, advanced the framework for

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